Grand Prix have existed for more than half a century, and during this time Formula -1 has become not just a mega-spectacle, but also a mega-project for making money. You have to spend a lot too, but the profit is breaking all records. For automakers, the Formula 1 Grand Prix is an Olympus, which only a few can climb, due to financial and other difficulties. So, we’ll tell you about the technical progress in Formula One for all these years. Racing car is the main and so expensive attribute racing. It is on its development that not hundreds of thousands, but millions of dollars are spent. It all started back in 1950. Then the Alfa Romeo team remained the undisputed leader of the first two seasons. But after leaving Alfa Romeo, the Ferrari team looked more confident and dominated the rest of the participants in the following seasons, as it was the only team that designed the car specifically for these rules. In 1952, the Italian Alberto Ascari driving a Ferrari 500 became the champion, winning six of the seven races.
In 1959, the Cooper team revolutionized the fireballs by building the first rear-engined car. Cooper T43 / T51 were famous for very good handling, but a weak engine. The result was not long in coming and in the next two years Jack Brabham became the champion. In 1961, already all participants of the championship switched to the rear-engine construction of cars. But, Ferrari did not give up and donated the season of 1960, prepared for 1961 a rear-engine model “-156”, equipped with a completely new V6 engine, whose power reached 180 and later – 190 h.p. On it, Phil Hill won the title of world champion.
A big leap in the development of tires, as well as new rules in 1961, forced the designers of Formula 1 Grand Prix to come up with more and more durable, and at the same time lighter race cars. In 1963, the Lotus team (one of the leading Formula 1 teams in the 1960s and 1970s) first used mono-body in the construction of automobiles, borrowing such a design from the aviation industry. Perhaps one of the most unusual cars in history was the six-wheeled P34 of the Tyrrell team. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, an understanding of the importance of aerodynamics came to the automotive industry. The main key factors now were downforce and slip; trying to increase the clamping force, while the slip tried to avoid as much as possible.
The era of turbocharged engines began with the arrival of Renault in Formula 1. In 1977, the Renault RS01 for the first time took part in the British Grand Prix. The advantages of a turbocharger with a ratio of 1: 2 compared with traditional engines Cosworth and Ferrari were obvious.
By 1979, Ferrari, with the help of Fiat and Pininfarina, adapted the successful Ferrari 312T model to use the downforce effect, even though the relatively wide flat 12-cylinder engine did not take into account the Venturi tubes, which are so widely used by competitors. Although not as fast as Renault in straight sections and not so fast in cornering as the models using the downforce effect, the high reliability and fighting qualities of the Ferrari 312T4 allowed the Ferrari team to once again win the World Cup to win the designer’s cup. It was the last Ferrari victory in the 20th century. With five victories for the Grand Prix in the 1979 season on this car, Aussie Jones became an Australian Grand Prix champion in 1980. It was a surprisingly reliable car, which scored 21 times in world championships.
Williams FW 18-1996 has become one of the most successful cars in the history of Formula 1. He allowed the team in 1996 to win the Constructors’ Championship with 12 wins in 16 races. Damon Hill became the World Champion, Formula One debutant Jacques Villeneuve, having won 4 victories, became the second in the championship of pilots. In the period from 2000 to 2004, for 5 years in a row, Ferrari won the championship. In 2004, Ferrari won 15 races out of 18 at all. The main surprise of 2010 was the amazing speed of the Red Bull team. Thanks to the genius of Adrian Newey, the team was able to build a car that confidently won the championship, and Vettel became the youngest champion of Formula 1 in history. The Formula 1 calendar includes several tracks located in different countries, such as Singapore Grand Prix, Australian Grand Prix, Mexican Grand Prix, French Grand Prix, Azerbaijani Grand Prix, Russian Grand Prix, Chinese Grand Prix and other. Let’s talk about them in more detail.
Monaco Grand Prix
Monaco is perhaps the most elite track in the calendar of the championship. She is hated by fans due to the almost absence of overtaking, madly loved by pilots not only for prestige, but also for the fact that the track has to be extremely concentrated and change gears over 9000 times in one race. She has been present since 1950, 4 years later she was not there, and then she was every year at the end of May.
- the most epic races were in 1972, when in the rain a certain Jean-Pierre Beltoise brought his car to the top step of the princely bed;
- in 1982 there was an equally epic finale, when it was a little frozen, the leading Prost broke the car against the wall, and after the turnaround of the leading Patrese, the two leaders later ended with fuel to the delight of the passers-by and winemakers;
- 1984: again a downpour was and again the winery Grand Prix, where initially the leading Mansell smashed the car against the wall and Senna showed real personality whom he was having made many over-takings from the very tail was close to the lead Prost but suddenly Red flag was hung out. Senna did drive past Prost but stopped race was classified according to the results of the early laps to the great cry of the Brazilian. Also worth noting is the ride of racial German Stefan Bellof who was riding even better than Senna;
- 1988 – Senna just rode cosmically during the entire weekend, until he was ordered by the radio to slow down the gas, which led to an error and a broken car, after which the Wizard with a proud head walked home.
- 1992: the epic duel with Haymarket;
- 1996: only 3 cars finished because of the rain and Olvier Panis won the race in the Lizier car;
- 2000: error of the starting lights and the blocked race track on the first lap;
- 2006: disqualification of Schumi in the quarter and his breakthrough;
- 2015: Fail Merinov with Hamilton’s pitstop;
- 2016: the same Fail mechanics Red Bull, as a result we have lost victory of Rickyard.
British Grand Prix
Grand Prix of Great Britain by tradition is one of the main races in the calendar, and the victory at Silverstone is very prestigious. Recently, the circuit has undergone major changes, a new set of boxes was built, which looks just great. If you ask a seasoned amateur “Formula 1” about the two most important stages in the championship, everyone will certainly call the “Grand Prix of Monaco” and “Grand Prix of Great Britain”. Undoubtedly, the fate of the championship depends on the outcome of all the stages entered in the calendar, but these two races clearly pass “out of competition”.
Let’s think about Britain and auto racing. It is absolutely impossible to imagine one without the other. The country which is native to more than half of the teams of the current championship opened the first Formula 1. The history of these races began in England, and, unfortunately, may end up in Asia. But let’s not talk about sad things.
Stage “British Grand Prix” was held on three tracks – Silverstone, Brands Hatch and Aintree. The overwhelming majority of the races took place at Silverstone, the most important circuit in Britain, built on the basis of the former airfield of the air force. The track was laid along taxiways and did not include the runway, which they decided to leave in reserve for strategic purposes, we can say. However, the first victory of the British pilot in a British car did not take place at Silverstone, but at the small Aintree circuit in 1957. Stirling Moss started from “pole position” (2 minutes 00.2 seconds) and his partner Anthony Brooks – from third place (2 minutes 01.2 seconds). The victory went one for two – on the Brooks car the ignition system refused), but British newspapers called this day “The Day of National Pride”.
That race marked the beginning of a victorious march of British designers. The following, in 1958, the English celebrated the victory in eight races out of ten. Time passed, cars changed, drivers, regulations, and the “British Grand Prix” remained one of the decisive races in the championship. On the warm-up lap of the 1994 British Grand Prix, Benetton champ Michael Schumacher overtook Damon Hill’s pole position holder. A few laps after the start, the German has got black flag which they did not pay attention to for a long time. After the race, a verdict was issued – to disqualify the rider in two stages. Damon Hill caught up with him in the championship and the fight flared up with a new force. In the record holders of the British stage – two great pilots – Alan Prost and Jim Clark, who won five times. Nigel Mansell has four victories and Jack Brabham and Niki Lauda have three wins. Of the active pilots, Jacques Villeneuve has won the most at Silverstone – twice. Once time David Coulthard, Michael Schumacher and Johnny Herbert came first.
Italian Grand Prix
Monza is no less an epic trail not far from Milan, in Italy. Among the tracks of the current calendar, it was built almost the very first, at one time stood out because one circle on it actually contained two: passing a circle on the part that lived in almost unchanged form up to our times, from Parabolica the pilots left on the concrete 4-kilometer oval, after which they returned. For safety reasons, the oval was closed, but the route itself still remains the fastest among European-type routes. The racers did not reach the average speed of the lap of 262 km / h established by Montoya in 2004 on any formula road. In 2018, Kimi Raikkonen in qualifying, having won the pole, passed his lap at an average speed of 263.587 km / h, and they managed to get close to the maximum speed records (372 km / h, the same Montoya, but already in 2005) in Baku in 2016 (378 km / h) and Mexico (372 km / h), both times Bottas developed such speed.
German Grand Prix
Green Hell (Old Nürburgring, Nordschleife; North Loop) is the longest 22-kilometer route in Germany. It has a lot of turns, descents, ascents, brains and incredibly dangerous areas. It is difficult even for the pros. For a long time it was included in the World Cup offset, while Niki Lauda was almost killed by her. It remains unclear why they did not close earlier when the riders died on it. The track still exists today, and still there thousands of mad people are in accidents. Almost every day someone returns from the track on the ambulance. Anyone can ride around the Nordschleife for just € 23 (for one lap, hehe. No-limit for a year costs almost a euro.) People with a limited budget just have to play the games Grand Prix Legends / Shift 2 Unleashed / GT5, where the track is present – and not every gamer will be able to drive it as quickly as possible without much effort. You can also watch as automakers set new records for their production cars.
Canadian Grand Prix
The wall of champions is a natural wall. This is a modest concrete fence on the highway named after Gilles Villeneuve, in the hero-city of Montreal. This separates the racetrack from the river, is located at the exit of the last turn. It was suddenly made famous by the fact that during the Canadian Grand Prix 99 race, three world champions crashed into it: Schumacher, Hill and Villeneuve – as well as one GT champion Ricardo Zonta. A special gloss to this improvised champion collector is given by the sweeping inscription Bienvenue au Québec (Welcome to Quebec), which hospitably welcomes those who arrive. Subsequently, many others familiarized themselves directly with this greeting until finally the wall was moved almost to the water itself. And anyway, at every race, somebody bumps into it. So the 2010 champion also visited there getting it an autograph. As, however, swarthy champion of GP2 2010 (2012) and the champion of 2009 did (but in the 2005th). In 2016, the champion of Formula Renault 3.5 2014, Carlito Sainz, was there.
Hungarian Grand Prix
It could well have happened that the 1986 race would have been held in Russia if the officials of that time were a bit more coherent. But after long negotiations, it was decided to license the track in Hungary. The first “Grand Prix”, held in the then socialist Hungary, has caused unprecedented interest among fans. In the suburbs of Budapest, 200,000 spectators gathered to witness the “race of two Brazilians”. Ayrton Senna took the pole position, but came second in the race. The first victory on the four-kilometer track was celebrated by Nelson Piquet.
But already from next year, the Hungarian Grand Prix was constantly under threat of cancellation. First, there were problems with financing then pilots complained about the dirty track. In mid-August, in the vicinity of Budapest, it is usually dry and hot. Even a small breeze picks up dust, sand, and dry leaves from the sand hills, dotting the road. On thin sand dust tires slip, dust is clogged in radiators and the track becomes unpredictable. Martin Brundle once said: “Budapest is the most beautiful city from where the Formula 1 caravan stops. But the route leaves much to be desired: there are neither any particularly quick turns, nor speed lines worth mentioning. Definitely this is not the most pleasant place for racers – on a narrow, sandy and at the same time slippery dusty track, where there is no room for overtaking (if you are faster, you have to wait for the opponent’s mistake!), there is always a tough and very tight fight.
In 1989, the track appeared renewed, due to the reconstruction of a bunch of turns. Its length was reduced by 46 meters. In 1998, the design of the track again changed a little, since then minor changes are constantly present and almost every year new stands are built. The race proved popular!
The track is very demanding on the reliability of the machine and the racing requirements of the pilot. The low pace of the race does not allow fully utilizing of the resources of the cooling system, which, in sum with the usual heat of August, makes the engines work at the limit. The bumpy track strongly loosens the suspension, while sand and dust complete what was said. Aerodynamics tune the maximum downforce, often using various additional devices. The teams equally choose tactics with one and two pit stops. Overtake on the “Hungaroring” is very difficult, so much depends on the results of the qualification.
Spanish Grand Prix
Rapidly skated away stages and a little breath, Formula 1 continues its season on the European continent. By tradition, the first race of the Old World takes Barcelona. Driven far and wide in the winter tests, the Catalonia circuit is well known to the teams and pilots, because the qualification usually allows you to see the most objective alignment of forces in the season. The Spanish race almost always submits to the team, which eventually wins the Constructors’ Championship. Of course, sometimes there are surprises, but in general, one should not expect any special sensations from the upcoming stage. It is much more interesting to see who this time will be the best to achieve effective work from the tires. Since the forecast does not promise much heat, the data from the pre-season tests will be especially useful – although over the past months the car has evolved markedly.
Before, Catalonia often “pleased” fans with just a couple of overtaking between start and finish, but new Pirelli tires and, to a lesser extent, DRS, could change the situation – there were quite a few permutations in last year’s race. Nick Heidfeld especially distinguished himself: because of the fire in the Saturday morning workout, the German from Lotus Renault did not participate in the qualification, started last, and although in the first segment of the distance three times gave way to rivals, then spent ten overtaking and eventually finished eighth. Accidents in Barcelona are usually few. The only exception is traditionally the start, where often there are collisions involving several cars. The safety car here is an extremely rare guest. If the first round did without much trouble, the probability of its occurrence on the track is only 10%.
The auto tribunes, as it always has been in recent years, will be crowded with fans and Asturian flags with a golden cross against a blue sky background will proudly fly over each one. The Spaniards passionately support their countrymen in any sport, because the emergence of Fernando Alonso sharply increased interest in Formula 1 in the Pyrenees. Surely, Pedro de la Rosa, a veteran, will also get his share of attention.
Japanese Grand Prix
The Japan Grand Prix stage first appeared on the 1976 World Cup calendar. On October 24, the fate of the championship title was decided by James Hunt from McLaren and Niki Lauda from Ferrari. Lauda had an advantage of three points, but he had not yet moved away from the consequences of the terrible fire at the Nurburgring. On the day of the race, the track “Mount Fuji” was completely flooded with water, cars did not keep on it even during a leisurely departure from the boxes, and the top of the mountain was hidden behind the clouds. After passing one lap on the highway, Niki Lauda returned to the pits, considering the race conditions too dangerous, Hunt finished third, scored four points and the champion title moved to McLaren.
The next race at “Mount Fuji” was the last for this race track. Ronnie Peterson on the “Tyrrell P34” cut Gilles Villeneuve on the “Ferrari 312T2”, the car touched the wheels, “Ferrari” Gilles Villeneuve took off into the air and landed on a crowd of fans who somehow penetrated into the forbidden territory for the audience. Two Japanese were killed and the Japanese stage was excluded from the championship. The new track in Suzuka was designed and built under the leadership of the Dutch designer Hans Hughenholz, who already had on his track record the construction of the track in Zandvoort. The success of Honda and the aggressive advertising policy of Japanese car manufacturers made the championship management return the Japanese Grand Prix, and all safety requirements were met. November 1, 1987 the fate of the championship again decided on the “Grand Prix of Japan”. For the championship partners fought for “Williams” – Nelson Piquet and Nigel Mansell, the race in Suzuka was the penultimate stage, but everything was decided right here. Mansell in qualifying fell into a terrible accident, broke his legs, hurt his back and dropped out of the fight. The champion was Nelson Piquet.
Belgium Grand Prix
Spa-Francorchamps is the most epic and beloved pilots with fans. It is really good, of which only the Red water is descending and steeply rising, followed by a straight line. Good also Blanshimon and Puon, for they require aerobatics and skill. Interesting races do take place there every year, which only costs 1998 or 2000 with the “overtaking of the century”.
Red Water (Eau Rouge) is one of the best corners in the entire Formula, located on the legendary track in Spa. The bottom line is that the turn all the time goes uphill, and the Radillion following him is not visible at all until the very last moment, when you need to turn the steering wheel. Actually, Red Water distinguishes a pilot from an ordinary driver – a real pilot may well make a turn without slowing down, but even the most experienced riders do not always manage to continue to put pressure on the gas. In addition, Red Water is almost the only turn in the whole Formula, about which there is a separate article in many sources. There were no serious accidents, but they were spectacular. Plus to this: in 1993 Alex Zanardi managed to break up hard there. And in 1998, Spa remembered a massive blockage immediately after the start and an attempt by a future seven-time champion to beat Coulhard, who was behind the circle, for refusing to give way.
Brazilian Grand Prix
Initially, the Interlagos circuit was built with private funds and opened for racing in 1940, but ten years later it entered municipal property — the Committee to celebrate the centenary of the city of São Paulo bought Interlagos from its previous owners for a purely symbolic fee. At that time, there were intensified attempts to completely modernize the circuit, but for more than a decade it was not possible to do anything real. Only by 1972 Interlagos was able to get closer to modern standards and hold one race in the Formula 1 car class outside the world championship stages.
In 1973, the official Grand Prix of Brazil was played for the first time on this route. Beginning in 1978, a real leapfrog began with the Brazilian Cup. This year, the Brazilian Formula One stage was moved to the new Rio Jacarepagua stadium. By the next year, Interlagos won the right to host the best racers in the world … only to return to the Brazilian Formula 1 host title in 1981. In 1990, the Brazilian Grand Prix finally settled on the highway in Interlagos – the picturesque suburb of Sao Paulo, just 15 km south of the city center.
Heinz-Harald Frentzen describes the route in Brazil: “Interlagos is one of the most difficult and inconvenient championship tracks. It is incredibly difficult to find the right settings and it’s physically difficult to ride over bumps – all the time you are hitting and you have to compromise between pain and speed. First you drive off the hill in the first turn, and you need to slow down quite late, the optimal trajectory passes along the outer side of the track, and the entrance to the turn is very slippery – many people fly out of the track right here cornering and straight. If you can accelerate at the right time, then at the end of this straight line there is an opportunity for overtaking. Then comes bumpy, and I think one of the most difficult in Formula 1, the turn of Ferradura, followed by a right turn in which it’s important to be on the right path, it’s really one there and you can lose a lot of time.The next difficult turn is “Laranja” – the slowest turn on the track is about 60km / h and you will lose pace if you don’t guess the path. “Cotovelo” is also quite slow, then you accelerate and enter the fastest turn – “Merghulo”. The track goes uphill a bit, your speed is about 220 km / h and it is very important to have a good balance here – bumps and overloads hit the rider and the car. In the last straight turn “Juncao” you need to enter at a maximum speed of 320 km / h, despite the fact that the track again goes uphill. The loss of time in error on this segment is large enough. ”
What do laws mean in our life? This is a coincidence of accidents. Nevertheless, in recent years, almost invariably the winner of the “Grand Prix of Brazil” won the championship.